MS31-P17 Multicomponent crystals of sulfapyridine and sulfadiazine Nikoletta B Bathori (Chemistry Department, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa) Kelly Nzwanai Shunje (Chemistry Department, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa) Elise JC de Vries (Chemistry Department, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa)email: bathorin@cput.ac.zaCrystal engineering principles were used to cocrystallise sulfa drugs, sulfapyridine (SFP) and sulfadiazine (SFD), with aromatic acids and an amine via solution crystallisation. Sulfapyridine formed cocrystals with 3-nitrobenzoic acid (SFP∙3NBA), 5-bromosalicylic acid (SFP∙5BSA), 4-dimethylaminopyridine (SFP∙4DMAP) and salts with 4-nitrobenzoic acid [SFP+][4NBA-], 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid [SFP+][DNSA-] and 3,5-dibromosalicylic acid [SFP+][DBSA-], while sulfadiazine formed a salt with 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid [SFD+][DNSA-].
The SFP and SFD compounds exhibit tautomerism. In this work it was investigated how the introduction of coformers with varying acidity provides the possibility to form a variety of synthons, and therefore disrupt the common preferred interactions within the sulfonamides. Using selected acids as coformers, the effect on crystal packing of the coformer’s substituent position was examined by using the isomers 3NBA and 4NBA. 5BSA and DBSA were employed to analyse the effect of the number of substituents on hydrogen bond formation and crystal packing. In addition, it was investigated how small structural changes in the pharmaceutical compound influences the crystal packing by cocrystallising structurally similar SFP and SFD with the same coformer. Evaluation of the change in coformer acidity was studied by using a pyridine coformer, 4DMAP, and its crystal packing was analysed and compared to structures formed with carboxylic acid coformers.
Finally, we examined how inter-conversion of tautomers promotes crystal formation by conforming to the geometric demands of the different coformers.
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Keywords: sulfadrugs, tautomers, cocrystals